2018 images

Female engineer behind Trump Tower says President has "done zero for women"

This week in Manchester, Barbara Res – the woman appointed by Donald Trump in 1980 to manage the construction of Trump Tower and author of the memoir ‘All Alone on the 68th Floor: How One Woman Changed the Face of Construction’– spoke to people in the construction industry about the challenges of being an engineer on one of the world’s most iconic buildings, along with the issues faced by women in construction and what it was like to work with Donald Trump.

Barbara’s presentation was the conclusion of a day-long conference and exhibition – Inspire Summit – which saw hundreds of people working in construction, engineering and housing come together at the Bridgewater Hall to discuss how more women can be attracted to working in their industries. Taking place during Manchester Construction Careers Week, an initiative organised by Built Environment Skills in Schools, students and apprentices from across Greater Manchester also attended to hear about the varied careers in the sectors.

During her presentation, Barbara explained the difficulties she faced as a young woman in the 1970s and 80s who had chosen the male-dominated world of engineering and construction as a career. She spoke of being told during one of her first jobs by one of her male colleagues that “women weren’t allowed on site” because “their hair is not conducive to wearing hard hats – and their clothing, especially their shoes, won’t work with construction.”

She went on to explain how she was eventually noticed by Donald Trump thanks to her work on a hotel project, who said he wanted her to manage the construction of Trump Tower. Barbara said: “I was better than the others, and that’s the truth. I went into meetings and told people they were wrong and that we’re not paying for this. Trump loved it. When he hired me he called me a ‘killer’. And that’s what he wanted. He hired me to build Trump Tower. He told me that men were better than women, but a good woman was better than 10 good men. He thought this was a compliment.”

Barbara explained why she thought Trump hired her rather than a man. She said: “Women had to prove themselves, which is not much different to today. Work harder, work smarter – and guess what, for less money. I was paid less than a man would have been paid in my position.”

After years of working alongside Trump, Barbara finally left when she said he turned on her. “Trump – he’s like how you see him. He respected me – he knew if he turned on me, I’d quit. But one day on a project he made a decision that I disagreed with. In front of all the partners, he started railing against me, blaming me for everything and I jumped on him. But after that, it was over. I told him he didn’t need me on the project and I quit. That was the end of me working with Trump.”

But despite working on one of the world’s most iconic buildings, Barbara still felt that being a woman held her back in construction. She said: “When I left Trump Tower, I was at my peak. You’d think companies, after seeing my experience working on Trump Tower, would come running to me. But I was still a woman. And that still held me back.”

During her talk, Barbara talked about the everyday sexism she experienced while working in the industry. From crude posters on the wall to being called names, and from men urinating in front of her to being verbally aggressive, Barbara explained there were many times she felt harassed while working in the industry. She ended up internalising the comments and environment, and it impacted the way she lived her life.

Barbara said: “That harassment, that hostile environment changed me. I went to Catholic school, you couldn’t say curse words – you’d get soap in your mouth. In construction, cursing is in every sentence. I had to make a choice – am I going to talk like that or am I going to say they can’t talk like that around me? And I adopted the way they talked. I had to do this, that was a big change to me. Other things – the way I dressed, the way I thought about myself, it was all affected. I would blame myself for things. When a guy tormented me, I’d believe it.”

When asked if she thought the US president had done anything to help the cause of women, Barbara said: “No. He hasn’t done anything to advance the cause of women. Many of the issues that you don’t necessarily think of as women’s issues, but are – like healthcare, because at the end of the day we end up responsible; immigration, because it’s families that he’s separating and that falls on women; minimum wage, because most minimum wage workers are women. Abortion, reproductive rights, birth control, are all things he’s against. He’s done zero for women.”

Now in its second year, Inspire Summit is an annual conference and exhibition that brings people working in the construction, engineering and housing sectors together to explore how to make the industries more diverse and inclusive. The aim of the event – which was sponsored by Chartered Institute of Building, Galliford Try Partnerships, Redrow, Wates and Women in Roofing – is to drive solutions to help strengthen and future-proof the industries.

The day included a busy schedule of engaging presentations, thought-provoking panel discussions, lively debates and hands-on activities for businesses and organisations, as well as sessions specifically targeted at students and apprentices. Topics covered issues such as the business case for gender parity, flexible working, the importance of role models and the gender pay gap.

Journalist and broadcaster Marverine Cole hosted the conference, with other speakers including:

  • Emma Richman, director of assets, Great Places Housing Group
  • Jane Entwistle, technical director, Thomasons
  • Dr David Hancock, construction director, Infrastructure and Projects Authority, Cabinet Office
  • Dr Pragya Agarwal, creative and social entrepreneur
  • Anna Davies, director, David Miller Architects
  • Kathryn Lennon-Johnson, founder, Built Environment Skills in Schools
  • Dr David Hancock, construction director, Infrastructure and Projects Authority, Cabinet Office
  • Karen Armitage, CEO, Stafford and Rural Homes
  • Harish Bhayani, senior partner, PRM Diversity Consultants
  • Paul Chandler, Group Managing Director - Construction Group, Wates
  • Monika Slowikowska, MD, Golden Houses Developments
  • Nigel Wilson, CEO, Wythenshawe Community Housing Group
  • Duncan Williams, regional director for housing, Seddon